Homeowners insurance deductible explained

A homeowners insurance deductible is the out-of-pocket amount you’re responsible for paying before your insurance kicks in. The higher your deductible, the lower your premiums — and vice versa.

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Pat HowardPat HowardManaging Editor & Licensed Home Insurance ExpertPat Howard is a managing editor and licensed home insurance expert at Policygenius, where he specializes in homeowners insurance. His work and expertise has been featured in MarketWatch, Real Simple, Fox Business, VentureBeat, This Old House, Investopedia, Fatherly, Lifehacker, Better Homes & Garden, Property Casualty 360, and elsewhere.&Kara McGinleyKara McGinleySenior Editor & Licensed Home Insurance ExpertKara McGinley is a former senior editor and licensed home insurance expert at Policygenius, where she specialized in homeowners and renters insurance. As a journalist and as an insurance expert, her work and insights have been featured in Forbes Advisor, Kiplinger, Lifehacker, MSN, WRAL.com, and elsewhere.

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Jennifer GimbelJennifer GimbelSenior Managing Editor & Home Insurance ExpertJennifer Gimbel is a senior managing editor and home insurance expert at Policygenius, where she oversees our homeowners insurance coverage. Previously, she was the managing editor at Finder.com and a content strategist at Babble.com.
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Michael Reynolds, CSRIC®, AIF®, CFT-I™Michael Reynolds, CSRIC®, AIF®, CFT-I™Financial AdvisorMichael Reynolds, CSRIC®, AIF®, CFT-I™, is a financial advisor, principal and founder of Elevation Financial, host of the weekly personal finance podcast Wealth Redefined®, and a member of the Financial Review Council at Policygenius.

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What is a home insurance deductible?

A homeowners insurance deductible is the amount you’re responsible for paying out of pocket before your insurance company will pay on a claim. You typically have the option to set your deductible between $500 and $2,500 — sometimes even higher. The claim payment you get from your home insurance company is the damage or loss amount covered by insurance minus your deductible.

You choose your deductible at the time you purchase home insurance, but you can change it at any time during your policy term. The amount you pay in homeowners insurance premiums is directly correlated with how high or low you set your deductible. The higher your deductible, the lower your premiums — and vice versa.

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When do you pay your homeowners insurance deductible?

You don’t pay your deductible like you would your phone or utility bills — rather, your insurer simply subtracts it from the claim settlement amount it agrees to pay you after your claim has been accepted.

Let’s take a look at an example

Say a fire causes $50,000 in damage to your house and you have a $1,000 policy deductible. Your insurance company should reimburse you $49,000 ($1,000 subtracted from $50,000) for repairs.

Deductibles are paid on a per-claim basis, meaning if your home is damaged in two different events that were a month apart, you’ll have to pay two separate deductibles on those respective claims. The only exception is Florida, in which the deductible you must pay for hurricane damage is per hurricane season, instead of per claim or per storm.

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Hot tip: You don't have to pay a deductible on liability claims

While you always have to pay a home insurance deductible on property damage claims to your home or belongings, you never have to pay a deductible on liability claims — like if your dog bites a passerby and they sue you for damages.

Learn more >> How personal liability coverage works

What are the different types of homeowners insurance deductibles?

There are two types of homeowners insurance deductibles: flat and percentage deductibles. In both cases, it’s the amount taken off the top of a claim payment paid out by your insurer. 

Flat or dollar amount deductibles

This is the standard, fixed-dollar amount deductible that you pay out of pocket when you file a claim for most causes of property damage or loss. A standard flat-dollar deductible is usually in the range of $500 to $2,500, although lower and higher deductible policies are also available.

Percentage deductibles

Percentage deductibles are specific to wind/hail, named storm, and hurricane-related claims. They’re calculated based on the percentage — usually 1% to 10% — of your home’s insured value (i.e. the dwelling coverage limit in your policy). These deductibles typically only apply if you live in an area that’s at high risk for hurricane or wind damage. 

If your house is insured for $200,000, for instance, and your policy has a 1% hurricane deductible, $2,000 would be deducted from the claim payment. 

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What is the average home insurance deductible?

There isn’t an average home insurance deductible, but most homeowners insurance companies offer a minimum deductible of $500 or $1,000, according to the Insurance Information Institute.

Most major insurers offer deductibles as high as $2,500 or $5,000, with a few offering even higher deductible plans or optional percentage deductibles as a mechanism for lowering your rates. 

How to choose your homeowners insurance deductible

When choosing your homeowners insurance deductible, you’ll need to take a look at your finances and consider two questions:

  • Would you rather have lower home insurance rates in the short term and risk higher out-of-pocket expenses if your home is damaged? 

-OR-

  • Would you rather have more expensive home insurance rates, but less to pay out of pocket when filing a claim?

What does this mean for you?

Basically, if you raise your deductible, you’ll likely cut insurance costs and therefore have less to pay up front. But you’ll be left with a smaller settlement check when you file a claim.

According to William Davis of the Insurance Information Institute, limiting your out-of-pocket expenses is virtually the sole reason for choosing a lower deductible policy. Otherwise, it’s up to the policyholder and their circumstances.

"There really aren't any other benefits other than having to pay less out of pocket in the event of a loss," Davis says. 

"But policyholders should discuss their individual situation and insurance needs with their company representative or agent to ensure they understand their coverages, the deductibles that are available, and how those things will affect them in the event of a loss."

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You might want to consider a higher deductible if …

  • You have enough savings to cover a few thousand dollars for your deductible if disaster strikes

  • You would rather pay lower premiums

  • You’re comfortable with footing the bill yourself for more minor repairs or personal property replacement

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You might want to consider a lower deductible if …

  • You don’t want to want to risk paying more than around $500 to $1,000 if disaster strikes and you need to file a claim

  • You live in an area that is at high risk for frequent property damage or theft

  • You’re comfortable paying more upfront for insurance premiums and less when you have to file a claim

How does your deductible affect your homeowners insurance rates?

Raising your deductible can have a significant impact on your homeowners insurance premiums. In general, a higher deductible means cheaper rates, while a lower deductible means higher rates. 

Homeowners insurance premiums can vary as much as $1,300 by choosing a $2,000 deductible over a $500 one — according to ASI Progressive rates.

Here's a look at annual rates based on different deductible amounts, according to our analysis of 2022 home insurance rate data from around the country.

Company

$500 deductible

$1,000 deductible

$2,000 deductible

AAA

$2,028

$1,818

$1,621

Allstate

$1,776

$1,596

$1,104

ASI Progressive

$2,750

$2,618

$1,365

Auto-Owners Insurance

$1,171

$1,283

$1,010

Chubb

$2,190

$1,922

Not offered

Erie

$1,446

$1,346

$1,259

Farmers

$1,941

$1,874

$1,008

Nationwide

$1,951

$1,955

$1,781

Plymouth Rock

$1,174

$1,022

$824

Sentry

$1,161

$1,113

$1,030

State Farm

$2,327

$2,039

$1,551

The Hartford

$2,828

$2,495

$2,086

USAA

$1,090

$1,432

$332

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What are disaster deductibles?

Deductibles can vary depending on what type of storm caused the damage or loss to your home or personal property. While wind, hail, and hurricane damage are covered by a standard homeowners insurance policy, a special percentage deductible may kick in depending on the details of your policy and what state you live in. 

Hurricane and named storm deductibles

In hurricane-prone regions of the country, like Florida and many oceanside counties on the Atlantic coast, special hurricane deductibles may be “triggered” and applied to named storm or hurricane damage claims. In Florida, you pay a hurricane deductible on a per season basis rather than for each individual storm. 

The criteria for what can trigger a named storm or hurricane deductible generally varies from state to state, but insurance companies typically need to wait until a storm or hurricane has been officially declared or named by the National Weather Service. 

Davis also notes that deductibles can be a very important issue in hurricane-prone places.

"Policyholders need to determine how their state's hurricane deductibles — which are a percentage of the home's value instead of a set dollar amount (they vary by state) — will impact their ability to handle the total amount they would have to pay out of their own pocket in the event of a loss."

Learn more >> Find out if your state requires a hurricane or named storm deductible 

Wind/hail deductibles

Wind and hail deductibles function very similarly to hurricane deductibles in that they’re paid mostly in percentages rather than fixed-dollar amounts. These types of deductibles are the standard in Tornado Alley (Kansas, Oklahoma, Texas, and Nebraska) and certain Midwestern states like Ohio and Illinois.

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Frequently asked questions

Who do I pay my home insurance deductible to?

You don’t actually have to pay your home insurance deductible to anyone. Instead, your insurance company will simply subtract the amount of your deductible from your claim settlement payment.

Is $2,500 a good home insurance deductible?

As long as you’re comfortably able to pay it in the event of a claim and don’t mind footing the bill for smaller losses (say, a broken pipe or stolen laptop), $2,500 is a fine deductible to choose. If you don’t have much in the way of savings or live in an area at high risk of property damage or theft, you may want to consider a lower deductible.

Is home insurance tax deductible?

You typically cannot deduct home insurance from your taxes. However, there might be a chance that you can if you work from home or rent out your home. You can learn more about tax deductions for homeowners with our guide.

Do you have to pay a deductible for the liability portion of your policy?

Unlike your property coverages, you don’t pay a deductible on liability claims.

Authors

Pat Howard is a managing editor and licensed home insurance expert at Policygenius, where he specializes in homeowners insurance. His work and expertise has been featured in MarketWatch, Real Simple, Fox Business, VentureBeat, This Old House, Investopedia, Fatherly, Lifehacker, Better Homes & Garden, Property Casualty 360, and elsewhere.

Kara McGinley is a former senior editor and licensed home insurance expert at Policygenius, where she specialized in homeowners and renters insurance. As a journalist and as an insurance expert, her work and insights have been featured in Forbes Advisor, Kiplinger, Lifehacker, MSN, WRAL.com, and elsewhere.

Editor

Jennifer Gimbel is a senior managing editor and home insurance expert at Policygenius, where she oversees our homeowners insurance coverage. Previously, she was the managing editor at Finder.com and a content strategist at Babble.com.

Expert reviewer

Michael Reynolds, CSRIC®, AIF®, CFT-I™, is a financial advisor, principal and founder of Elevation Financial, host of the weekly personal finance podcast Wealth Redefined®, and a member of the Financial Review Council at Policygenius.

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