Home insurance calculator: Estimate costs in 2023

Answer a few questions to get a free estimate of your cost and coverage needs with our home insurance calculator.

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Pat HowardManaging Editor & Licensed Home Insurance ExpertPat Howard is a managing editor and licensed home insurance expert at Policygenius, where he specializes in homeowners insurance. His work and expertise has been featured in MarketWatch, Real Simple, Fox Business, VentureBeat, This Old House, Investopedia, Fatherly, Lifehacker, Better Homes & Garden, Property Casualty 360, and elsewhere.

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Michael Reynolds, CSRIC®, AIF®, CFT-I™Michael Reynolds, CSRIC®, AIF®, CFT-I™Financial AdvisorMichael Reynolds, CSRIC®, AIF®, CFT-I™, is a financial advisor, principal and founder of Elevation Financial, host of the weekly personal finance podcast Wealth Redefined®, and a member of the Financial Review Council at Policygenius.

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Calculate your home insurance costs

While the cost of homeowners insurance in the U.S. is around $158 a month, rates can vary greatly depending on where you live and the amount of coverage in your policy. 

For an accurate estimate of your coverage needs and costs, use our free homeowners insurance cost calculator.

Enter your ZIP code to get started

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Methodology & why you can trust our rates

At Policygenius, our educational guides are written and fact-checked by licensed home insurance experts and reviewed by our Financial Review Council to ensure autonomy, expertise, and accuracy.

How we calculated average home insurance premiums

Policygenius analyzed home insurance rates provided by Quadrant Information Services in March 2022 for over 30,000 ZIP codes in all 50 states plus Washington, D.C. Our sample quotes for each company and ZIP code were for a 40 year-old homeowner with no claims history, good credit, a $1,000 deductible, and the following coverage limits:

  • Dwelling: $300,000

  • Other structures: $30,000

  • Personal property: $150,000

  • Loss of use: $60,000

  • Liability: $300,000

  • Medical: $1,000

Given the fact that both population size and premium amounts can vary drastically depending on where you live, we assigned weights to each ZIP code based on its population of homeowners, according to U.S. Census Bureau data; and to companies based on their market share presence in each state, according to Quadrant Information Services. Once weights were assigned to each ZIP code and company, we were able to calculate our national average home insurance rate.

How to estimate your home insurance coverage needs

To calculate your homeowners insurance coverages, you’ll need an estimate of your home’s replacement cost and the combined value of everything you own. From there, you’ll have a better idea of how much coverage you need for each of the six coverages in your policy.

1. Estimate how much it would cost to rebuild your home

A standard homeowners insurance policy covers the structure of your home against disasters such as fire, lightning, and severe windstorms. To ensure you’re completely covered in the wake of a catastrophe, you’ll want your policy’s dwelling coverage limit to be high enough to cover the cost of rebuilding your home from the ground up. 

Your dwelling coverage limit should be equal to your home’s rebuild cost — or replacement cost not its current market value or your remaining mortgage balance, says Mark Friedlander, a spokesman for the Insurance Information Institute. "Insurance replacement cost often differs materially from a home's market value, which includes the value of the land and is highly influenced by supply and demand."

Use Policygenius’ home insurance calculator

For a quick and accurate estimate, use our homeowners insurance cost calculator. All you need to do is provide a few brief details about your home — including its address, square footage, and year built — and we’ll send you homeowners insurance estimates from multiple insurance companies.

2. Estimate the value of your personal belongings

You should have enough personal property coverage to cover the value of all of your personal belongings, including your clothes, furniture, electronics, and jewelry. The best way to gauge your personal property coverage needs is to take an inventory of everything you own. Inventories make it easy to categorize and value your personal belongings by room and property type. 

3. Estimate the value of your assets

You’ll want enough personal liability coverage to cover the combined value of everything you own — including properties, vehicles, and personal possessions — in the event you’re legally responsible for someone else’s injury or damaged property and sued. 

Common liability claims include slip and fall injuries, dog bites, and trampoline-related accidents. Between medical bills and legal fees, lawsuits can be expensive and can put all of your assets at risk.

4. Determine how much of each coverage you need

Once you have an estimate of your home’s replacement cost, the value of your personal belongings, and the value of your assets, you’ll be able to accurately set your home insurance coverage limits.

  • Dwelling: Pays to repair or rebuild the physical structure of your home after a covered loss. This coverage should be high enough to pay for a full rebuild of your home.

  • Other structures: Covers other structures not attached to your home, including detached garages, sheds, and fences. This coverage is usually 10% of your dwelling coverage limit.

  • Personal property: Pays to repair or replace everything inside your home — from furniture and electronics to appliances and clothing — after a covered loss. This coverage is typically set at 50% of your dwelling limit, but some insurers will let you increase your personal property coverage to as high as 70%, depending on your coverage needs.

  • Loss of use: Covers the cost of hotel stays, dining out, dry cleaning, and other additional living expenses when you’re unable to stay at your house after a covered loss. This coverage is typically set at 20% of your dwelling limit.

  • Personal liability: Pays for legal and medical expenses if you’re legally responsible for injuring someone or damaging their property. Most insurers offer anywhere from $100,000 to $500,000 in personal liability coverage.

  • Medical payments: Covers medical expenses if someone is injured at your home — regardless of who is at fault. Most insurers offer anywhere from $1,000 to $5,000 in medical payments coverage.

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How much additional living expenses coverage do I need?

It depends on how likely you think you are to file a claim that leaves you unable to live in your home while it’s being repaired or rebuilt. Standard home insurance policies limit additional living expenses (ALE) coverage to 20% of your dwelling coverage limits. However, you might want to increase your ALE coverage if you live in a high-risk disaster area prone to flooding, hurricanes, tornadoes, earthquakes, or wildfires.

Why you might need more home insurance coverage than you think

With inflation still higher than historical averages, rising construction costs, and continuing labor shortages, the cost to rebuild homes after a natural disaster continues to rise. And your home insurance policy might not be keeping up with it.

According to our Policygenius Home Insurance & Inflation Shopping Survey, more than half of homeowners (56%) didn't review their home insurance policy in the last year to see how much coverage they had. And even fewer homeowners have valuable coverage add-ons to offset rising costs due to inflation and the increase in natural disasters.

To ensure you have both high-enough coverage limits and the best policy add-ons for your home, talk to an insurance expert at Policygenius to discuss your options. They can help you calculate how much coverage you need and even start the process of buying a new home insurance policy or switching carriers.

How are homeowners insurance rates calculated?

Insurance companies consider multiple factors when calculating your homeowners insurance rates, including: 

1. Your home’s location 

Your insurance premium is largely determined by your home’s risk of being burglarized or damaged by a natural disaster like a hurricane or wildfire.

What does this mean for you? Homes in inner cities, close to the coast, or in wildfire zones are more likely to see higher rates than those in more remote areas free of natural disaster zones.

2. Your home’s characteristics

The age, square footage, number of rooms, and building type of your home, as well as the condition of its electrical and plumbing, and the age of its roof can all affect your insurance rates.

What does this mean for you? Larger homes or houses with outdated electrical, plumbing, or construction will see higher rates, since there’s a greater chance you’ll have to file a claim. Homes with pools, trampolines, or even dogs will also see higher costs due to the increased risk of an accident happening.

3. The coverage amounts in your policy

Insurance rates will vary depending on the amount of property you’re insuring. That includes your home’s replacement cost, as well as if you have expensive art and electronics to insure, or how much coverage you want for personal liability.

What does this mean for you? The more expensive your home is to rebuild and refurnish, the higher coverage levels you’ll need — meaning higher premiums to match.

4. Your policy deductible

A deductible is the amount you pay out of pocket when you file a claim before the insurance company kicks in to cover the rest.

What does this mean for you? If you choose a high deductible, you’ll pay lower rates, and vice versa.

5. Your credit score and claims history

Insurance companies perceive homeowners with lower credit scores or multiple past claims as a higher risk of filing a claim.

What does this mean for you? Even one claim in the past few years or a credit score below 670 could mean higher home insurance premiums. 

Estimates of average home insurance costs  

Below is the average cost of home insurance per year based on different coverage amounts. As you can see, the more dwelling coverage you have, the more expensive your home insurance rates are.

Dwelling coverage

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Keep in mind this average is based on nationwide data and that home insurance rates vary greatly on the factors we already mentioned — like your ZIP code, your home’s age and size, your credit score, and more. Because so many different factors go into calculating your home insurance rates, your quotes will likely vary from the ones represented above. A home insurance calculator would give you a better rough estimate of your specific home insurance costs.

Estimate homeowners insurance in your state

As mentioned, a major factor in your home insurance costs is where your home is located. Home insurance costs vary from state and even ZIP code. Below is how much home insurance costs monthly and annually in each state. 


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What is the formula to calculate homeowners insurance?

You can calculate the approximate cost of homeowners insurance by dividing the value of your home by $1,000 and then multiplying the result by $3.50. For example, a home valued at $400,000 would have a home insurance policy that costs roughly $1,400.

Just keep in mind this isn't a hard-and-fast rule — it's a guesstimate. How much you ultimately pay depends on the location of your home, your credit profile, and the level of coverage you purchase, among other factors.

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Frequently asked questions

Why is my homeowners insurance quote so high?

Your homeowners insurance quote could be high for any number of reasons. Having an old roof, a “dangerous” dog breed, or a recent claim can all result in higher rates. If you’re having trouble finding affordable coverage, consider using a marketplace like Policygenius that can connect you with multiple quotes from different carriers.

How can I lower my homeowners insurance premium?

Increasing your policy deductible, bundling your home and auto insurance with a single company, and adding protective devices to your home like storm shutters and security systems can all get you lower premiums.

Does home insurance go up every year?

The average homeowners insurance premium typically increases year over year. Premiums have generally gone up across the board to make up for losses that the industry has experienced. If your premiums increased by more than 10% since your last policy term, consider re-shopping your homeowners insurance for lower rates.

How do I calculate dwelling coverage for homeowners insurance?

You can calculate your dwelling coverage limit with an online home replacement cost calculator, a professional appraisal, or by finding out the build price per square foot in your area and estimating it yourself. Regardless of how you go about calculating your dwelling coverage, you should make sure it's high enough to cover the home's replacement cost, which is the cost to rebuild it at today's prices. Your dwelling coverage limit should include the cost to replace your home's foundation, roof, frame, walls, floors, cabinetry, any additional structures that are connected to the dwelling, such as an attached garage, deck, or porch.

How do I calculate homeowners insurance coverage when building a house?

If you're building a house, you'll need builders risk insurance, which is a special type of insurance policy that's designed to cover the unique risks that come with long-term construction projects. As construction progresses, the insurance company will update your builders risk policy limits to reflect the home's replacement cost at different stages of the build. Keep in mind that once construction is complete, the builders risk policy stops providing coverage and you'll need a standard homeowners insurance policy.


Pat Howard is a managing editor and licensed home insurance expert at Policygenius, where he specializes in homeowners insurance. His work and expertise has been featured in MarketWatch, Real Simple, Fox Business, VentureBeat, This Old House, Investopedia, Fatherly, Lifehacker, Better Homes & Garden, Property Casualty 360, and elsewhere.

Expert reviewer

Michael Reynolds, CSRIC®, AIF®, CFT-I™, is a financial advisor, principal and founder of Elevation Financial, host of the weekly personal finance podcast Wealth Redefined®, and a member of the Financial Review Council at Policygenius.

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