Car accidents by state

The number of fatal car accidents varies from state-to-state and has a lot to do with population size. Here are the facts and figures behind the annual number of fatal motor vehicle accidents in all 50 U.S. states.

Kara McGinleyStephanie Nieves author photo

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Kara McGinley

Kara McGinley

Property and Casualty Insurance Expert

Kara McGinley is an insurance editor at Policygenius, specializing in home, auto, and renters insurance. She's been writing about insurance since 2019, and her work and insights have been referenced in Kiplinger and WRAL.com.

&

Stephanie Nieves

Stephanie Nieves

Property and Casualty Insurance Expert

Stephanie Nieves is an insurance editor at Policygenius in New York City, specializing in home and auto insurance. Her work has appeared in Business Insider, PayScale, Fairygodboss, and The Muse.

Updated August 6, 2021|2 min read

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The number of car accident deaths varies greatly across all 50 states and the District of Columbia. There are a number of factors that can affect the statistics when comparing motor vehicle fatalities on a state by state basis, including weather, types of vehicles involved, number of passengers, travel speeds, topography, and more.

It’s also important to factor in a state’s population when examining the number of car accident fatalities in each state. Using data from the Insurance Institute of Highway Safety, we compared the number of motor vehicle fatalities in every state, taking into account each state’s total population.

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List of car accidents by state

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Car accidents can happen everywhere, no matter what state you live in. In 2019, there were 33,244 fatal car accidents across the United States. The table below is a state-by-state breakdown of fatal motor vehicle crashes and motor vehicle crash deaths per all 50 states and Washington D.C. as of 2019, according to the IIHS. [1]

StateState populationFatal crashesDeaths
Alabama4,903,185856930
Alaska731,5456267
Arizona7,278,717910981
Arkansas3,017,804467505
California39,512,2233,3163,606
Colorado5,758,736544596
Connecticut3,565,287233249
Delaware973,764122132
District of Columbia705,7492223
Florida21,477,7372,9503,183
Georgia10,617,4231,3771,491
Hawaii1,415,872102108
Idaho1,787,065201224
Illinois12,671,8219381,009
Indiana6,732,219751809
Iowa3,155,070313336
Kansas2,913,314362411
Kentucky4,467,673667732
Louisiana4,648,794681727
Maine1,344,212143157
Maryland6,045,680484521
Massachusetts6,892,503321334
Michigan9,986,857902985
Minnesota5,639,632333364
Mississippi2,976,149581643
Missouri6,137,428818880
Montana1,068,778166184
Nebraska1,934,408212248
Nevada3,080,156285304
New Hampshire1,359,71190101
New Jersey8,882,190525559
New Mexico2,096,829368424
New York19,453,561876931
North Carolina10,488,0841,2841,373
North Dakota762,06291100
Ohio11,689,1001,0391,153
Oklahoma3,956,971584640
Oregon4,217,737451489
Pennsylvania12,801,9899901,059
Rhode Island1,059,3615357
South Carolina5,148,7149221,001
South Dakota884,65988102
Tennessee6,829,1741,0401,135
Texas28,995,8813,2943,615
Utah3,205,958225248
Vermont623,9894447
Virginia8,535,519774831
Washington7,614,893494519
West Virginia1,792,147247260
Wisconsin5,822,434526566
Wyoming578,759120147
U.S. Total328,239,52333,24436,096

Car accident statistics at a glance

In 2019, the number of motor vehicle fatalities varied widely across all 50 states. California had the highest number of fatal crashes, 3,316, and Washington D.C. had the lowest, 22.

Population size is an important factor — California’s population is nearly 56 times that of Washington D.C., and Californians may be driving longer distances more frequently than D.C. drivers.

Insurance companies know that more people on the road can lead to more car accidents, which is part of the reason why drivers who live in big cities or dense areas often pay more for car insurance than drivers who live in less population-dense locales.

29% - Percentage of motor vehicle fatalities involving an SUV or pickup in Wisconsin in 2019

36,096 - Total number of fatalities from car accidents in all 50 states in 2019

53% - Percentage of deaths in single vehicle crashes nationwide in 2019

91% - Percentage of seat belt use by front seat occupants nationwide in 2019

$15,785 - The average cost per bodily injury claim in 2018

13% - Percentage of all U.S. drivers who were uninsured in 2019, that’s one in eight drivers

45% - Percentage of motor vehicle deaths that occurred in rural areas nationwide in 2019

82% - Percentage of motor vehicle deaths in South Dakota that took place on rural roads in 2019

Data sources: Insurance Institute for Highway Safety and the Insurance Research Council

States with the most car accidents

In 2019, the following states reported the highest numbers of fatal car accidents in the U.S.:

  1. California - 3,606 deaths out of 3,316 accidents

  2. Texas - 3,615 deaths out of 3,294 accidents

  3. Florida - 3,183 deaths out of 2,950 accidents

  4. Georgia - 1,491 deaths out of 1,377 accidents 

  5. North Carolina - 1,373 deaths out of 1,284 accidents

States with the least car accidents

The states with the lowest number of fatal car accidents are also some of the least populated, and are:

  1. Washington, D.C. - 23 deaths out of 22 accidents

  2. Vermont - 47 deaths out of 44 accidents

  3. Rhode Island - 57 deaths out of 53 accidents 

  4. Alaska - 67 deaths out of 62 accidents

  5. North Dakota - 100 deaths out of 91 accidents

Frequently Asked Questions

What is the number one leading cause of vehicle accidents in the US?

Most accidents tend to happen because of distracted driving and speeding, with young drivers being the most affected by both, according to experts. Alcohol and drug impairment tend to be the main contributors of speeding, but slick roads and extreme weather can also cause drivers to drive faster than the speed limit.

Where do the most car accidents happen in the US?

A study by the National Center for Biotechnology Information found that out of 1,644 patients involved in car accidents, 1,267 of them were injured within 10 miles of their home. And more people on the road also means more accidents, so it makes sense that California had the most fatal car accidents out of any state in 2019 with 3,316.

What car has the most accidents?

According to a report from the Insurance Institute for Highway Safety, the make and model that had the highest rate of death in single-vehicle rollover crashes in 2017 was the Ford Fiesta, with 141 driver deaths per million registered vehicle years. The Hyundai Accent, another subcompact car, had the next highest death rate at 116 per million registered vehicle years.