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Business owners should have key person insurance and personal life insurance to protect their company and their family. Co-owners should also include life insurance in buy-sell agreement plans.
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If you own a business, there’s a very good chance you need more life insurance than a standard personal policy provides. You might think of life insurance as a tool to protect your family, but if you own or operate a business, buying key person insurance and incorporating life insurance into your buy-sell agreements is equally important.
Most business owners need both personal life insurance and key person insurance to protect their family and their business
Key person insurance and buy-sell agreements that include life insurance protect your business, business partners, and employees
Personal life insurance replaces your income and protects your family from any business debts you have
As a business owner, your family isn’t the only group of people depending on you. Your business partners and employees also rely on you for their livelihoods.
"If you're involved in the day to day operations of the business, it can be very hard to replace the value of a business owner without any monetary compensation should something occur," says Levi Sanchez, a financial planner and founder of Millennial Wealth, LLC. "In the instance of a partnership, the two owners can buy life insurance policies on one another in order to ensure the business would be able to hire to replace the responsibilities of the deceased partner."
Buying key person insurance — also referred to as key man insurance — and setting up buy-sell agreements that include life insurance can keep your business alive and provide financial assistance to your partners and employees after you’re gone.
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Personal life insurance policies, like term life insurance or whole life, are designed to take care of your family and other dependents if you die. If you’re a business owner, a personal life insurance policy is even more important since you may not have the benefits that come with being an employee, like retirement accounts, employer-provided group life insurance, or disability insurance.
You should have personal life insurance for the same reasons other people need it: income replacement and debt protection for your beneficiaries. As a business owner, your needs in these two categories may even be greater than the usual life insurance applicant. Here are a few reasons why a personal life insurance policy is a must for business owners:
If your family relies on your income in any way, your loved ones will need money to care for themselves after you’re gone. The life insurance death benefit can provide enough money to account for your lost income and your other contributions to the household, like childcare and cleaning, while your family gets your affairs in order. When you’re trying to decide how much life insurance you need to replace your income, think of all of your personal debts and expenses:
The future cost of college for your kids
Debts like your mortgage, auto loans, student loans, and credit cards
Your spouse’s retirement
Any dependents, including your children or elderly relatives
If you took out loans to grow your business, and especially if you used personal assets like your home as collateral, a personal life insurance policy is vital. Those loans could become due when you die, putting your family’s savings or home on the line.
When calculating your life insurance needs, don’t forget business-related debts that would also affect your family if you die. Including your business debts in your personal life insurance plan in addition to personal debts and income replacement will provide the most comprehensive coverage for your beneficiaries when you’re gone.
Key person insurance is a specific type of company-owned life insurance designed to help keep a business afloat even if the owner or another integral member of the team dies. (Such people are employees key to the company’s operation, hence the name.) The business pays the insurance premiums and is the beneficiary of the life insurance policy. If the owner dies, the life insurance company pays the death benefit to the business.
Buy-sell agreements are a must-have if you share business ownership. A buy-sell agreement dictates what happens to one owner’s share of a company if they exit the business. It’s like a prenuptial agreement for business partners, setting the price and terms under which the remaining partners can buy the deceased (or exiting) partner’s share of the business.
You can then organize a cross-purchase agreement, which allows each partner to purchase life insurance on the other as part of the buy-sell agreement. If one owner dies, the others get the death benefit from the policy and use it to buy the deceased’s company shares.
You can also set up an entity purchase plan as part of your buy-sell agreement. This allows the business to buy a life insurance policy on each owner, and in the event of an owner’s death, use the death benefit to purchase their shares on behalf of the business.
In order for buy-sell agreements to work in this way, you must also have life insurance. Without a life insurance policy to put toward buying out the deceased’s shares, a buy-sell agreement may not be financially feasible for the surviving owners or the business. If the living owners are unable to buy back those shares, it puts the business’ ownership — and survival — at risk.
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Buying life insurance as a business owner is similar to buying life insurance as a non-business owner. The steps are generally the same:
Determine your coverage needs, including multiple policies
Comparison shop and get quotes
Choose an insurer and submit an application
Take a free insurance medical exam
Wait for underwriting approval
Sign your policy
The difference is that for many business owners, you may need to apply for and buy multiple life insurance policies. You probably need at least two: one to protect your family and one to protect your business. An insurance agent or broker can help you manage the application process and ensure you get enough coverage to protect your business, your employees, your family, and any business partners you have.
You put a lot of effort into building your business and supporting your family. But if you don’t have life insurance that accounts for both, you’re putting each at risk. Make sure you have policies in place that cover both your family and your company: key person insurance and buy-sell agreements that include life insurance for the business and personal life insurance that accounts for your income, debts, childcare, and any business loans for your loved ones.
Business owners need life insurance to protect their family, company, and employees from debts and unexpected costs if they pass away.
The death benefit from business life insurance can pay severance to employees if the company closes, cover the expenses of hiring a new business owner, compensate for business lost as a result of the death of the key employee, or be used by the company or surviving partners to buy and redistribute the deceased owner’s share of the business.
Key person insurance provides a death benefit if an employee crucial to a business’ operations passes away. The death benefit covers the costs of replacing that employee or business lost due to their passing.
Someone must be key to the functioning of a business to be eligible for key person insurance. This might include a CEO, founder, owner, or other employees without whom the business could lose significant income.
Amanda Shih is a life insurance editor at Policygenius in New York City. She has a passion for making complex topics relatable and understandable, and has been writing about insurance since 2017 with specialities in life insurance cost and policy types. She's previously written for Jetty and LegalZoom.
Rebecca Shoenthal is a life insurance editor at Policygenius in New York City, specializing in buying life insurance and the ins and outs of life insurance ownership. She's edited business books by the country’s top academics, politicians, journalists, thought leaders and CEOs, including venture capitalist John Doerr’s Measure What Matters, entrepreneur Scott Belsky's The Messy Middle, NYU Stern professor Scott Galloway's The Four, and technologist John Maeda's How to Speak Machine.