More on Life Insurance
Life Insurance Basics
Life insurance overview
How Does Life Insurance Work?
How does life insurance work?
Advantages and disadvantages of life insurance
Life insurance vs. self insurance
Do I need life insurance?
What Is a life insurance death benefit?
What is a life insurance beneficiary?
How to understand your life insurance policy
Finding the life insurance policy of a deceased person
Is life insurance taxable?
How does life insurance work during a divorce?
What is a life insurance premium?
A wide variety of scenarios warrant buying life insurance, but the simplest rule of thumb is: Does anyone in your life benefit from your financial support? This could be a child, spouse, aging parent or even the cosigner of a student loan who would get stuck with the debt if you weren’t around to pay it off.
If the answer is yes, you probably need life insurance.
Life insurance offers your family financial protection and assistance when you’re gone
Buying life insurance when you’re young can save you a lot of money
Life insurance can help cover any debts you might leave behind
Life insurance replaces the financial support you give to others in the event you’re no longer there to provide for them. It's of the utmost importance for anyone with dependents and has become even more pivotal during the current outbreak of COVID-19. According to a study conducted by LIMRA, the percentage of Americans who felt a "heightened need for life insurance increased from 49% to 58%" from March 2020 to July 2020.
Whether or not you need to get life insurance coverage depends on your own individual circumstance. Take a look at the table below to see if you are a likely candidate for life insurance.
|You are a…||How life insurance can help|
|Parent||Helps with everyday living expenses, along with saving for college tuition and other milestones in your child’s future.|
|Spouse||Makes sure you’re covered if you have a mortgage that requires both partners’ salaries for the payments, or if one partner earns the lion’s share of the income to support your lifestyle. Accounts for childcare, cooking, or cleaning that would need to be supplemented by a professional.|
|Student||While federal student loans are forgiven if the borrower dies, private student loans transfer the debt to the cosigners. Having life insurance can keep them from being stuck with the debt.|
|Entrepreneur||If your business would cease to exist without you, naming a business partner as a life insurance beneficiary could be helpful. The death benefit can also be used to buy out any remaining shares of the business.|
Life insurance is meant to be an income replacement when you pass away. Policygenius’ experts recommend that you multiply your income by 10-15 times as a starting point. So if your current salary is $50,000, you can estimate that you’ll need $500,000-750,000 in life insurance coverage. However, your coverage should encompass all of your anticipated financial obligations, including debts or aging parents.
Parents or soon-to-be parents should include the cost of raising a family in their calculations as well. You need to account for everyday expenses, education costs, and potentially childcare or housekeeping in addition to your income.
If you have debt from student loans, a mortgage, or some other lending agreement, add that to the amount of coverage you’ll need too. The death benefit can help your family stay in your home if you can no longer make payments on it and protect them from making difficult decisions about any debt you leave behind.
You may not think it’s worth buying life insurance while you have no dependents. But by getting life insurance when you’re young, you can make your coverage last longer and save money. Patrick Hanzel, Policygenius’ Advanced Planning Specialist and Certified Financial Planner points out, “If someone knows or expects they will have an insurable need in the near future, we recommend locking in coverage while you are younger and (usually) healthier. I recommend owning coverage as you would five years from today."
Methodology: Sample based on 20-year term life insurance policies offered by Policygenius in 2020 for a non-smoker in Preferred health rating.
If you are young and have no dependents, ask yourself:
Can your loved ones afford the cost of unexpected funeral or medical expenses if you die? The average funeral costs $8,000-10,000. Your beneficiaries can use your life insurance proceeds to cover those expenses. If you become sick or injured and need medical care, the death benefit can be put toward any costs that health insurance does not cover.
Did someone cosign a loan for your home or car? Just like a student loan, they’ll be responsible for the remaining balance if you die. A life insurance death benefit can cover that outstanding debt for your cosigner as well.
Even if you won’t need the full coverage amount to cover final expenses and debt, the remaining balance could provide financial security to your loved ones or even be donated to a charity of your choosing.
Still not sure if you need life insurance? Take a look at this flowchart to see where you fall.
Compare and buy life insuranceGET STARTED
Not everyone needs life insurance, even if they play an important role in their families’ lives. Here are a couple examples of people who usually don’t need term insurance:
Retirees - Ideally, by the time you reach retirement age your children should be financially independent and you’ve paid off your major debts. At this stage of life, there’s no real need for life insurance.
Children - While many life insurance companies offer policies specifically designed to cover your kids and some insurance agents may even try to sell you one, it’s not typically recommended because children are not earning a wage or supporting the family.
This isn’t to say that no one in the above scenarios needs life insurance. Individual circumstances should be taken into account. For example, if you have a large estate, you may want a policy to help decrease the burden of estate taxes. But it’s important to think twice about whether it’s truly necessary.
For most people, however, if you have outstanding debts, dependents, or aren’t nearing retirement age, it’s better to get life insurance coverage sooner rather than later.
Your life insurance death benefit should be at least 10-15 times your income, and should factor in financial obligations like childcare or college tuition, end-of-life expenses, and any debts you have.
You probably don’t need to buy life insurance for your children, since you don’t rely on them financially. If you’re retired with no debt and no longer have dependents, you may also be able to forgo a policy.
You should get life insurance as soon as you have dependents or shared debts, or up to five years beforehand. Life insurance is more affordable when you’re young and healthy, and prices increase 4.5-9% each year you don’t buy. Buying a policy when you’re young or in advance or a big life change means you could pay less over several decades for the same coverage you’ll need when you’re older.
Amanda Shih is a life insurance editor at Policygenius in New York City. She has a passion for making complex topics relatable and understandable, and has been writing about insurance since 2017 with specialities in life insurance cost and policy types. She's previously written for Jetty and LegalZoom.
Amanda has a B.A. in literature and communication from New York University.
Nupur Gambhir is a life insurance editor at Policygenius in New York City. She has researched and written extensively about life insurance since 2019, with specialties in life insurance companies, policy types, and end-of-life planning. Her writing on insurance and finance has appeared on MSN, The Financial Gym, and end-of-life planning service Cake. Previously, she worked in marketing and business development for travel and tech.
Nupur has a B.A. in Economics from Ohio State University.