Life insurance protects your loved ones from the risk of losing the financial support you provided when you die. If you’re covered, the life insurance company pays your beneficiaries a sum of money called the death benefit. The money can be paid out as a tax-free lump sum or annuity and can range from a few thousand dollars to millions of dollars.
Most likely, this death benefit payout is why you’re buying your life insurance policy in the first place — to ensure that your loved ones don’t financially suffer if you die unexpectedly.
The death benefit amount depends on your income and financial needs.
There is generally no tax applied to the death benefit payout.
Minor children cannot be direct recipients of the death benefit.
The life insurance death benefit is paid out to your policy’s beneficiaries. You can name more than one beneficiary on your policy and can even determine the exact percentage of the death benefit that each beneficiary receives. Anyone who isn’t listed as the beneficiary on your policy cannot receive the death benefit — whether it be your spouse or a lender you owe a debt to.
You should avoid naming children as your policy's beneficiary because they can't legally receive the money until they reach the age of majority in your state. Instead, you can direct the life insurance proceeds to a trust and dictate how the funds are used and when.
You should also periodically update your beneficiaries, and your overall policy, with every big life event.
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The death benefit should be large enough to cover a variety of situations, including end-of-life expenses like the cost of your funeral or cremation, everyday expenses, or the cost of your children’s college tuition.
When you’re purchasing life insurance coverage, you'll also want to take into account everything you pay for to figure out how much the death benefit should be. That could include payments on an auto or mortgage loan.
The death benefit is paid to your beneficiaries after you die, but it doesn't happen automatically. The life insurance company isn't immediately informed when a policyholder dies, so the beneficiary must alert them by filing a death claim.
Most people choose a lump-sum payment, usually in the form of a check or a direct deposit into their bank account, which is listed on the death claim form.
Others may choose to convert the death benefit into an annuity, depositing the death benefit into an investment account from which yearly payments are made until the money runs out. Annuities can be subject to taxes. A lump-sum payout works best for most budgets, but a certified financial planner can help you make the right decision for your circumstances.
Find the insured’s policy document. If you can't find the life insurance policy in their home or digital records, also check the National Association of Insurance Commissioners' Life Insurance Policy Locator Service or the National Association of Unclaimed Property, which searches a database of known policies.
Fill out a death claim form. This is also known as a “request for benefits.”
Provide a death certificate. The certificate will verify the date of
death and support the death claim.
Wait for the provider to approve the claim. Once approved, your beneficiaries will be paid the death benefit.
Once your beneficiaries file a claim, they could get the death benefit in as little as one to two weeks, but it could take as long as 60 days. If there is any indication of intentional fraud, the life insurance company may also investigate further before paying out the death benefit.
For the most part, your life insurance policy’s beneficiaries will receive the total death benefit amount. But if the insurance company discovers that you intentionally lied or disclosed false information, it may reduce the death benefit by the amount in premiums that you would have paid had you represented yourself truthfully. It may even cancel your policy altogether and deny your beneficiaries the death benefit.
The death benefit is one of the most important parts of a life insurance policy — it's the financial support your beneficiaries receive when they're gone. Working with a financial advisor and laying out a strategy to get the right amount of death benefit is the best way to protect your family's finances.
The death benefit is the lump sum paid out to the policy's beneficiaries after the insured dies.
The beneficiary listed in the policy needs to file a death claim form with the life insurance company and provide proof that the policyholder has died.
Generally, a traditional life insurance policy’s death benefit is paid out un-taxed. Benefits paid in installments or paid to an estate might be taxed.
You should consult with a certified financial planner to map out how to strategically spend the lump sum. They can help you determine how much to allocate towards your current expenses, retirement, and investments.
Life insurance terminology doesn't have to be confusing. Here are definitions of the most common terms and phrases you'll find in a policy.
A coverage gap is when you don’t have enough (or any) life insurance coverage. Coverage gaps risk your family’s financial health if you die unexpectedly.
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