Although Oregon doesn’t experience as many severe earthquakes as its neighboring state of California, earthquakes are still considered a major natural hazard in the Beaver State. In 1993, the Portland metro area experienced two earthquakes — ranging from 5.6 to 6 in magnitude — that resulted in over $30 million in damage.  
Standard homeowners insurance doesn’t cover earthquake damage. If you live in an area of Oregon that’s near a fault line or subduction zone, you may want to consider adding earthquake coverage as an endorsement to your home policy, or purchasing a standalone earthquake insurance policy.
Do I need earthquake insurance in Oregon?
Earthquake insurance is not required by law, but may be something you’d want to consider if you live in an area of Oregon that's at high risk for earthquakes.
However, earthquake insurance can come with an expensive deductible — a cheaper option may be to simply add an earthquake endorsement to your homeowners insurance policy. A Policygenius agent can help you find homeowners insurance companies that offer earthquake coverage.
When deciding to purchase earthquake insurance, you’ll need to consider how at risk you are for earthquakes and how much you'd be able to pay out of pocket to repair your home after a quake if you decide to forgo earthquake coverage.
What does earthquake insurance cover?
Earthquake insurance helps pay to replace, repair, or rebuild your home and personal property if either are damaged by a quake. Below is what earthquake insurance does and does not cover.
How much does earthquake insurance cost in Oregon?
The cost of your earthquake insurance is going to vary greatly depending on the age of your home, its location, its build, and more.
In a 2009 Oregon Division of Financial Regulation survey of the Portland market, it was determined that the cost of earthquake insurance for a wood-frame home insured for $300,000 with $150,000 in personal property coverage cost around $200 to $300 per year.  This is likely more expensive today, due to the increase in construction costs and inflation over time.
Earthquake insurance deductibles are another major factor to consider when buying earthquake insurance — they tend to be more expensive since they’re set at a percentage of your coverage instead of a flat dollar amount like standard home insurance deductibles.
Understanding earthquake insurance deductibles in Oregon
You choose what you set your deductible to when you purchase your policy. In Oregon, most insurers offer the option of a 10% deductible or a 15% deductible. 
Let’s use the same coverage example as above.
Say you insured your home for $300,000 and set your deductible to the 10% option, that means you'd receive a claim payout for $270,000 ($300,000 dwelling coverage minus $30,000 deductible).
That’s a pretty expensive deductible to pay before insurance even kicks in, which is one of the cons of earthquake insurance. As mentioned, you’ll have to weigh the risk of earthquake damage to your home along with how much you can afford to pay. Keep in mind that many insurers offer a cheaper option — which is adding earthquake coverage to your homeowners policy for an additional fee — but the coverage is usually less comprehensive than a standalone earthquake insurance policy.