Car insurance statistics in 2022

Facts and figures related to the auto insurance industry in the United States.

Anna SwartzAndrew Hurst

By 

Anna Swartz

Anna Swartz

Managing Editor & Auto Insurance Expert

Anna Swartz is a managing editor and auto insurance expert at Policygenius, where she oversees our car insurance coverage. Previously, she was a senior staff writer at Mic.com, as well as an associate writer at The Dodo.

 & Andrew Hurst

Andrew Hurst

Senior Editor & Licensed Auto Insurance Expert

Andrew Hurst is a senior editor and a licensed auto insurance expert at Policygenius. His work has also been featured in The New York Times, The Wall Street Journal, Forbes, USA Today, NPR, Mic, Insurance Business Magazine, ValuePenguin, and Property Casualty 360.

Updated March 3, 2022 | 6 min read

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From 2015 to 2019 the total value of all car insurance premiums grew from $189 billion to $239 billion. During this period, the entire auto insurance industry issued $1.1 trillion in premiums.

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Along with breaking down the value of the insurance business, Policygenius has gathered some other auto insurance statistics you should know, including the size of the largest companies, and how the typical costs of getting auto insurance have changed over time.

Car insurance statistics: by the numbers

  • $239 billion • The amount the auto industry generated in 2019 in written premiums [1]

  • $1,652 per year • The average annual cost of auto insurance in the U.S. for drivers aged 30 to 45, according to Policygenius.

  • 12.6% • The share of all U.S. drivers who were uninsured in 2019. [2]

  • 29.4% • The percentage of drivers without car insurance in Mississippi, the state with the highest percentage of uninsured drivers in 2019.

  • 3.9% • The average percent per year that the cost of insurance has increased during the last decade, according to the Consumer Price Index. [3]

  • $200.1 billion ​• The total premium amount of all policies the 15 largest insurers issued in 2020. [4]

From 2015 to 2019 (the most recent year for available data), the entire auto insurance industry took in $1.1 trillion in premiums, before losses. In 2019, insurers took in a total of $238.7 billion in auto insurance premiums before losses — up 27% from the $189.5 billion in combined value in 2015.

During this period, 61% of this value came from liability coverage, including both bodily injury and property damage liability, as well as medical payments coverage, underinsured and uninsured motorist coverage, and more. For comparison, collision premiums accounted for 27% of the combined $1.1 trillion, and comprehensive coverage made up a 13% share.

YearTotal premiums writtenLiabilityComprehensiveCollision
2015$188,541,093,697$114,155,468,085$24,210,502,017$50,175,123,595
2016$202,684,436,433$122,637,763,709$25,610,241,516$54,436,431,208
2017$217,518,449,804$132,332,049,280$26,972,361,714$58,214,038,810
2018$232,846,787,082$142,027,256,699$28,968,030,655$61,851,499,728
2019$238,740,075,981$145,042,902,448$30,160,039,313$63,537,134,220
Total$1,080,330,842,997$656,195,440,221$135,921,175,215$288,214,227,561

→ Read more about the different types of coverage that come with car insurance

Average car insurance premiums by coverage type

Your car insurance premiums vary depending on the amount of coverage that you get, as well as the types of car insurance coverage you buy. 

From 2015 to 2019 the cost of liability coverage increased by an average of 20%. During the same period, comprehensive coverage went up by 16% and collision coverage went up by 18%. The average insurance premiums (for all levels of coverage) was $1,123 during this period.

YearLiabilityComprehensiveCollision
2015$543$148$323
2016$572$152$342
2017$614$160$364
2018$646$168$378
2019$650$172$381

Rates provided by Quadrant Information Services. Rates provided are a sample of costs. Your actual quotes may differ.

Auto insurance premiums by car type

In part, the kind of car you drive affects what you pay for insurance. According to our analysis of public rate data, the most expensive type of car to insure is a sedan, followed by an electric sedan. On the other hand, the cheapest to insure is an SUV at $1,886 per year.

Auto insurers determine the cost to insure your car by checking the number of claims, accidents, and theft risk for cars like yours. Pricey vehicles are also more expensive to insure than cheaper cars, which would be less expensive to replace after an accident.

TypeCost
Sedan$2,231
Sedan - electric$2,063
Small SUV$2,025
Pickup$1,890
SUV$1,886

Average rates for 30-year-old drivers. List of cars provided in methodology. Rates provided by Quadrant Information Services. Rates provided are a sample of costs. Your actual quotes may differ.

→ Read more about how the make and model of your car affects what you pay for insurance 

Auto insurance costs by state

Nearly every state requires a minimum amount of car insurance. The only states where drivers don't have to have car insurance are New Hampshire and Virginia (Virginia drivers can pay a $500 waiver instead). 

However, if you live in a state that requires you to get covered, your location will affect your rates. Our analysis reveals that the cheapest state for minimum coverage car insurance is Iowa, and North Carolina is the cheapest for full coverage. On the other hand, the most expensive state for minimum coverage is Florida, and Louisiana is the cheapest for full coverage.

StateCost of minimum coverageCost of full coverage
Alabama$611$1,856
Alaska$433$1,420
Arizona$640$1,650
Arkansas$524$1,883
California$601$1,937
Colorado$544$1,951
Connecticut$949$1,864
Delaware$988$2,148
District of Columbia$678$1,837
Florida$1,253$2,850
Georgia$817$1,769
Hawaii$424$1,200
Idaho$400$1,186
Illinois$558$1,488
Indiana$453$1,295
Iowa$317$1,228
Kansas$493$1,700
Kentucky$931$2,257
Louisiana$993$3,056
Maine$448$1,237
Maryland$898$1,890
Massachusetts$612$1,690
Michigan$888$2,446
Minnesota$547$1,451
Mississippi$543$1,814
Missouri$564$1,670
Montana$497$1,978
Nebraska$424$1,843
Nevada$958$2,204
New Hampshire$462$1,248
New Jersey$1,154$2,304
New Mexico$459$1,555
New York$974$2,205
North Carolina$423$1,013
North Dakota$406$1,462
Ohio$386$1,087
Oklahoma$496$1,860
Oregon$769$1,503
Pennsylvania$501$1,693
Rhode Island$868$1,966
South Carolina$779$1,955
South Dakota$339$1,672
Tennessee$460$1,426
Texas$643$1,896
Utah$672$1,577
Vermont$380$1,223
Virginia$570$1,409
Washington$619$1,730
West Virginia$626$1,777
Wisconsin$348$1,116
Wyoming$321$1,470

Average rates for 30-year-old male and female drivers. Rates provided by Quadrant Information Services. Rates provided are a sample of costs. Your actual quotes may differ.

It's a good idea to get more than the minimum amount of coverage if you can afford it. While you'll be able to drive legally as long as you meet your state's requirements, not having enough car insurance puts you at risk of paying for damage to your car and others' property yourself. 

If the cost of coverage is higher than average in your state, you should compare rates from multiple companies to find the one that offers you the best protection at the cheapest price

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Percentage of drivers without auto insurance

Even though car insurance is required in nearly every state, there are still lots of uninsured drivers who don't have coverage. Nationally, 12.6% of all drivers are uninsured, though this number varies by state.

The state with the highest percentage of uninsured drivers is Mississippi, where 29.4% of drivers don't have car insurance. Mississippi is one of five states where at least 1 in 5 drivers is uninsured — the others are Michigan, Tennessee, New Mexico, Washington, and Florida.

On the other hand, New Jersey has the lowest percentage of uninsured drivers. Just 3.1% of the drivers in the Garden State are uninsured. 

StateUninsured drivers
Mississippi29.4%
Michigan25.5%
Tennessee23.7%
New Mexico21.8%
Washington21.7%
Florida20.4%
Alabama19.5%
Arkansas19.3%
District of Columbia19.1%
California16.6%
Rhode Island16.5%
Missouri16.4%
Colorado16.3%
Alaska16.1%
Indiana15.8%
Maryland14.1%
Kentucky13.9%
Oklahoma13.4%
Wisconsin13.3%
Idaho13.2%
Ohio13.0%
North Dakota13.0%
Georgia12.4%
Arizona11.8%
Illinois11.8%
Louisiana11.7%
Iowa11.3%
Kansas10.9%
South Carolina10.9%
Oregon10.7%
Virginia10.5%
Nevada10.4%
Minnesota9.9%
Hawaii9.3%
Nebraska9.3%
West Virginia9.2%
Vermont8.8%
Montana8.5%
Delaware8.5%
Texas8.3%
South Dakota7.4%
North Carolina7.4%
Utah6.5%
Connecticut6.3%
New Hampshire6.1%
Pennsylvania6.0%
Wyoming5.8%
Maine4.9%
New York4.1%
Massachusetts3.5%
New Jersey3.1%

States sorted from largest to smallest percentage of uninsured drivers.

→ Read more about what happens when you get into an accident without insurance

Cost of auto insurance premiums compared to other goods

Auto insurance has gotten more expensive over the course of the last decade. The Consumer Price Index, a measurement that the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics uses to track the average change over time in consumer prices, shows that the cost of car insurance has gone up by an average of 3.9% per year since 2011.

The largest year over year change came in 2017, when the CPI shows that the cost of auto coverage increased by 7.7% nationwide. Only in 2020, when drivers plummeted during the height of the COVID-19 pandemic, were prices lower compared to the previous year.

For comparison, according to the CPI the prices of all goods rose by an average of 2% per year during this time. 

YearPrice changePrice change - all goods
20113.6%3.2%
20123.6%2.1%
20134.2%1.5%
20144.2%1.6%
20155.4%0.1%
20166.2%1.3%
20177.7%2.1%
20187.4%2.4%
20190.9%1.8%
2020-4.6%1.2%
20213.8%4.7%

Largest auto insurance companies

Three insurance groups — State Farm, Berkshire Hathaway, and Progressive — control 43% of the auto insurance industry in the United States. State Farm, the largest of any of the major car insurers, made a total of $40.4 billion in premiums, before losses, in 2019.

In 2019, the written premiums from the 15 largest auto insurance companies totaled $200.4 billion. According to the National Association for Insurance Commissioners (NAIC), the largest 28 auto insurance groups wrote at least $1 billion in premiums in 2019.

RankGroupDirect written premiumsMarket share
1State Farm$40.4 billion16.2%
2Berkshire Hathaway (GEICO)$33.8 billion13.5%
3Progressive$33.2 billion13.3%
4Allstate$22.7 billion9.1%
5USAA$15.8 billion6.3%
6Liberty Mutual$11.8 billion4.7%
7Farmers$10 billion4.0%
8Nationwide$5.8 billion2.3%
9American Family$5.2 billion2.1%
10Travelers$4.9 billion2.0%
11Auto Club$3.6 billion1.4%
12Kemper$3.5 billion1.4%
13Erie$3.4 billion1.4%
14Auto Owners$3.3 billion1.3%
15National General$3.2 billion1.3%

→ Read more about our breakdown of the best companies for car insurance

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We don’t sell your information to third parties.

Methodology

Policygenius has analyzed car insurance rates provided by Quadrant Information Services for every ZIP code in all 50 states plus Washington, D.C. For full coverage policies, the following coverage limits were used:

  • Bodily injury liability: 50/100

  • Property damage liability: $50,000

  • Uninsured/underinsured motorist: 50/100

  • Comprehensive: $500 deductible

  • Collision: $500 deductible

In some cases, additional coverages were added where required by state or insurer.

Rates for overall average rate, rates by ZIP code, and cheapest companies determined using averages for single drivers ages 30, 35, and 45. Our sample vehicle was a 2017 Toyota Camry LE driven 10,000 miles/year.

Our analysis on the cost of auto insurance by car type uses rates from the following cars: 

  • Tesla Model Y

  • Tesla Model 3

  • Honda Accord

  • Ram 1500

  • Toyota Corolla

  • Toyota Camry

  • Chevrolet Bolt EV

  • Honda Civic

  • Nissan Leaf

  • Toyota RAV4

  • Chevrolet Silverado

  • Nissan Rogue

  • Subaru Forester

  • Ford Explorer

  • Jeep Grand Cherokee

  • Toyota Highlander

  • Jeep Wrangler

  • Ford Escape

  • Chevrolet Equinox

  • Subaru Outback

  • Toyota Tacoma

  • GMC Sierra

  • Honda CR-V

  • Ford F-150

Some carriers may be represented by affiliates or subsidiaries. Rates provided are a sample of costs. Your actual quotes may differ.