Homeowners insurance doesn’t just cover your home, but also your personal property, legal and medical payments if someone’s injured at your home and you’re found liable, and medical payments of others regardless of who’s at fault.
But a standard home insurance policy is only sufficient if the property you’re insuring is your primary residence. If you plan on renting out your house or a second home for an extended period, you’ll need insurance that protects you in ways that homeowners insurance doesn’t. That’s where landlord insurance — also known as rental property insurance — comes in.
Landlord insurance includes specialized protection like loss-of-income coverage if a covered loss causes your tenants to move out — something standard homeowners insurance won’t cover.
Homeowners insurance vs. landlord insurance
A standard landlord policy has many similarities to a standard homeowners insurance policy, but there are a few key differences.
What does it cover?
Covers the home’s structure
Covers the home’s structure
Covers structures on your property that aren’t attached to the home
Covers structures on your property that aren't attached to the home
Covers stuff inside and outside of the home, like furniture, clothing, electronics, and patio furniture
Included up to 50% of the home's insured value
Not included. But coverage for appliances and furnishings can be added to the policy for an additional premium.
Covers additional living expenses, like a hotel stay, if you home needs extensive repairs
Reimburses you for loss of rental income if your home needs extensive repairs and your tenants have to temporarily move out
Covers accidental property damage or bodily injury that you’re liable for
Included, but consider raising coverage limits
Covers guests’ medical bills if they’re injured on your property
Key differences between landlord and homeowners insurance, explained
The key differences between the two policies are the personal property coverages and loss-of-use vs. loss-of-rent coverages.
Personal property coverage
Homeowners insurance covers personal property like clothes, furniture, and electronics by up to 50% of your home’s insured value. That means if your home is insured for $300,000, you have $150,000 in personal property coverage.
With landlord insurance, personal property coverage typically isn’t included. However, your insurance company may offer optional coverage for appliances and furnished property for an extra fee.
Loss-of-use and loss-of-rent coverage
With homeowners insurance, loss-of-use coverage pays for your additional living expenses if a covered peril causes you to flee your home and live somewhere else temporarily.
But with landlord insurance, this coverage reimburses you for lost rental income if your home is damaged by a covered peril and undergoing repairs. This coverage is also known as fair rental value.
Is landlord insurance more expensive than homeowners insurance?
A landlord policy costs on average 25% more than a standard homeowners insurance policy, according to the Insurance Information Institute (III). 
With the average cost of homeowners insurance around $1,754 a year, that would bring the cost of landlord insurance to around $2,192 per year, according to our analysis of 2022 homeowners insurance rates across the county.
3 types of landlord insurance
There are three common types of landlord insurance policies, which are also referred to as dwelling policies.
1. DP-1 policies
Dwelling-fire form 1 (DP-1) is the most basic option for landlords. As a named peril policy, you’re only covered from 10 perils listed in the policy.
These types of policies are actual cash value (ACV) policies. This means if the home is damaged, you’re only reimbursed for the depreciated rebuild value of the property.
Although this is the cheapest of the bunch, a DP-1 is far and away the least popular insurance option for landlords, and should be avoided if you can.
2. DP-2 policies
Dwelling-fire form 2 (DP-2) offers slightly more comprehensive coverage than a DP-1 policy. It offers coverage against 16 perils instead of just 10, and replacement cost value (RCV) coverage for your property. This means if your tenants burn your building down, depreciation isn’t factored into the building’s rebuild cost.
With RCV coverage, you’re potentially saving tens of thousands of dollars in out-of-pocket expenses in the event of a total loss. A replacement cost policy is well worth the additional premium for that possibility alone.
DP-2 policies also include loss-of-rent coverage, which provides you with supplemental rental income while the rental property is being repaired due to damage from a covered hazard.
Just keep in mind that a DP-2 policy typically won’t cover your property if it’s been vacant for more than 30 days.
3. DP-3 policies
Dwelling-fire form 3 (DP-3) is the most common and comprehensive type of landlord insurance policy on the market. These types of policies are also used to insure non-owner occupied homes and vacant properties.
DP-3 policies are “all-risk” or open peril policies, meaning your property is covered from every peril except ones that are explicitly listed in your policy. With a DP-3 policy, your home is also protected with RCV and loss-of-rent coverage.