Urine tests are a common part of life insurance medical exams.
Many life insurance companies require a urinalysis before offering life insurance coverage. These urine tests check for illegal drug and nicotine use, liver and kidney problems, and other chronic health conditions.
Insurance companies use urine test results to evaluate your health profile during underwriting. Urine tests help confirm your application information and in turn determine how much you’ll pay in premiums.
We’ll explain what the life insurance urine test is used for and how you can avoid the test altogether by applying for alternative life insurance coverage options.
Urine tests can reveal traces of hard drugs, THC, and nicotine, and can show glucose levels, red/white blood cell counts, and more.
Marijuana use is treated differently by each insurance company.
Accelerated underwriting, simplified issue, and guaranteed issue life insurance are non-traditional policies that do not require a medical exam or urine test.
Before an insurance company sells a life insurance policy, they need to know the likelihood of the applicant dying during the policy’s term so they can price the premiums accordingly. If an applicant is likely to die while their policy is in place – because they’re elderly, have a chronic health condition, or take part in risky hobbies – they’ll pay more than someone who is likely to outlive their policy. The process of evaluating how risky you are to insure is called underwriting, and blood and urine tests are an important part of the underwriting process.
One of the main aspects of underwriting is the paramedical exam, also called the life insurance medical exam. This life insurance medical exam is similar to a physical and gives life insurance companies a comprehensive picture of your health beyond the written application.
Urine tests and blood tests, a medical history interview, and prescription drug checks all play a role in the life insurance medical exam. If the results reveal high blood pressure, a history of heart disease, or any other underlying medical conditions, the insurance company could raise your life insurance premiums.
That’s not to say you’re uninsurable if a life insurance company uncovers anything during underwriting. Obtaining life insurance with chronic medical conditions is possible, and often more affordable than people expect, especially if your condition is well-maintained. Conditions like diabetes, HIV, and high cholesterol do not lead to automatic application denial. Every insurer treats conditions differently. An independent broker like Policygenius can help you find an insurance company that offers the most affordable coverage for your situation.
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Your medical records and a phone interview with the insurance company only provide limited information about your health. Conducting medical tests, including a urine test, give underwriters a full picture of your current health. Here are a few of the things that life insurance urine testing can be used to uncover:
Along with blood tests, urine tests play a big role in life insurance drug testing. Depending on the types of drugs a urinalysis reveals, there can be major health implications in the eyes of an insurer.
If you’re currently using hard drugs or painkillers that haven’t been prescribed to you by a doctor, you’re likely to be disqualified or denied coverage. A life insurance urine test detects drugs like amphetamines/methamphetamines, cocaine, opiates, phencyclidine (PCP), barbiturates, benzodiazepines, and methadone. One drug that’s an exception, though, is marijuana.
Life insurance urine tests detect traces of tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), a substance in marijuana that can stay in your system for anywhere from a few days to a few weeks. Urine tests are a reliable way to test for marijuana use, but unlike other drugs, a positive result for THC doesn’t tank your chances of getting covered. It may not even significantly affect your life insurance rates.
Marijuana is in a legal grey area – legalized and/or decriminalized in some states but not others – and life insurance companies are similarly split in how they account for marijuana use. It’s not its legality that insurance companies are worried about. Insurance companies often lump marijuana and cigarette smoking in the same category, so if you use marijuana you could be assigned a smoker’s rating, leading to much higher premiums.
Another substance that’s commonly looked for in life insurance medical tests is nicotine. When life insurance companies see how risky an applicant is to insure, they classify the applicant in a health category ranging from Preferred Plus (the best) to Substandard. Then there’s a specific Smoker/Nonsmoker designation, which can raise rates considerably if you’re a smoker.
Nicotine and cotinine, which is an alkaloid found in tobacco, can stay in the body and be detected by a urine test for at least several days; bodies process nicotine differently. If an insurer detects nicotine or cotinine in your urine, your premiums will be higher. Smoker or tobacco premiums can be two to three times higher than nonsmoker premiums.
Life insurance companies also use urine tests to detect existing or potential health issues.
By analyzing a urine sample, companies can determine a wide variety of health risks. Some potential red flags include abnormal amounts of:
Hemoglobin (kidney infection)
Creatinine (kidney disease)
Bilirubin (liver problems)
Red blood cells (blood disorder or organ problems)
White blood cells (infection)
Urine tests can also detect diuretics, which may be a sign of blood pressure medication. Even if you don’t disclose a health condition on your initial application, a urine test may still reveal potential issues.
That’s why it’s best to be upfront from the beginning when applying for life insurance. Not only are life insurance companies able to check for inaccuracies on your application, but lying on your application is considered insurance fraud, and could lead to a decline of coverage or death benefit denial for your beneficiaries later.
If a potential health issue is flagged by a urine test, the life insurance company may do some more digging to confirm the findings, which can delay the application process.
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As far as medical tests go, urine tests are relatively unintrusive. Still, some applicants may not want to take a life insurance urine test – or undergo any aspect of the life insurance medical exam. No-medical exam life insurance policies allow applicants to bypass the paramedical exam. There are three types of no-medical exam policies:
Insurance companies use blood and urine samples to learn more about your health profile. Health is one of the factors underwriters use to determine policy rates. Urine tests can reveal information about drug/nicotine use and other underlying health issues.
If you’d rather avoid a urine test, or a medical exam altogether, some companies offer no-medical exam policies. Accelerated underwriting, simplified issue, and guaranteed issue life insurance policies may be available and do not require a medical exam.
In some cases, insurers will allow you to retake the medical exam. If the insurance company sees a drastically abnormal reading, they might request a follow-up appointment. But this generally only applies if you can demonstrate that your medical records show that the results are an anomaly (such as a high blood pressure result but no prior history). If drugs are detected in your urine, it’s unlikely you’ll be allowed a follow-up exam.