For some people, getting a claim paid by the insurance company is relatively easy. Say you wrap your car around a telephone pole, totaling it. In an ideal situation, you and the insurance company agree on what your car is worth and they write you a check for the actual cash value (ACV) of your car after the accident.
But what happens if you and your car insurance company don’t agree on the value of your car? Or worse, what if you were injured and you also have to negotiate medical bills as part of your claim?
How to negotiate an insurance settlement for your car
Whether you feel you were properly compensated during the claims process or you and the insurance company have different ideas about what constitutes a fair settlement, there are steps you need to take so the process is as quick and painless as possible.
There are several things you can do to make sure you are fairly compensated after an accident, including:
1. Make sure you have all the documents related to your accident
A police report is the most important document you can have after an accident. It provides you with the official documentation of the accident, so work with the police officer on the scene to make sure the report is accurate. Double check to make sure the time, date, and other details are correct so your insurance company can accurately determine fault and pay the claims accordingly.
There are other documents that could be helpful as well, including pay stubs to help calculate missed work and lost wages, receipts for expenses like a rental car while your car is being repaired, and estimates for car repairs from your mechanic.
Any paperwork you have that is connected to your accident should be kept together in one place. When your insurance company asks for something, always send copies of documents, not the originals, unless it is explicitly stated that an original document is required.
2. Keep track of accident-related expenses
Keep track of all of your expenses to make sure you know exactly how much you should be paid by the insurance company after an accident. This includes:
Rental car expenses
Estimates for any necessary work
In the event of a personal injury caused by the accident, expenses may also include:
Emergency room costs
Doctor visit expenses
Physical therapy and rehabilitation
Keep any receipts, estimates, or other documentation to make sure it is all accounted for with the insurance company.
3. Work with your insurer if at all possible
One of the best things you can do when buying insurance is to make sure you purchase coverage designed to protect you even if the other driver is at fault in an accident. If you buy the right coverage, your insurance company will pay your accident-related expenses first and then negotiate fault and payment with the other driver’s insurance in a process called subrogation.
This takes the process of negotiating a settlement out of your hands and makes it your insurance company’s job. There are a few different types of car insurance coverage that will protect you in an accident, including:
Collision coverage: Collision insurance will pay to repair or replace your car in an accident, no matter who was at fault.
Uninsured motorist coverage: Uninsured motorist (UM) coverage will help pay for medical expenses for you and your passengers if you are hit by someone who doesn’t have insurance or doesn’t have enough insurance to pay for the damage they caused in an accident.
Personal injury protection: Personal injury protection (PIP) covers your medical expenses in the event of an accident, no matter who was at fault.
MedPay: MedPay is coverage designed to help pay for medical expenses in an accident, no matter who was at fault. This is typically sold in small amounts, sometimes as low as $1,000, to help cover small medical bills, copays, and deductibles in your health insurance.
4. Hire an attorney if necessary
If you are just negotiating for the value of your totaled vehicle, an attorney may not be necessary. However, if you have a newer, more expensive vehicle and the insurance company isn’t giving you enough to properly repair or replace your car, it might be worth your time to hire a lawyer.
For personal injury cases, if you believe the at-fault driver’s insurance company is giving you a lowball offer, it may be worth your time to hire an attorney. The vast majority of personal injury cases are settled out of court, but an attorney can help you negotiate the highest possible payment. Legal counsel can be expensive, but it may be worth it if you are being offered significantly less than the cost of the damages from the accident.
Whether you are negotiating car repairs or personal injury claims (or both), it can be helpful to have a consultation with a few attorneys to make sure you understand all of your options.
5. Get it in writing
Once you and your insurance company have agreed to a settlement, make sure you get it in writing. Confirming everything in a written document is the best way to make sure everyone is on the same page and there is no confusion regarding the claim. This helps make it clear exactly how much the insurance company agrees to pay and that you understand and agree to that amount.