How to get free preventive care (2024)

All health plans must cover some basic services to help prevent illnesses and maintain your health and well-being.

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Elissa SuhSenior Editor & Disability Insurance ExpertElissa Suh is a disability insurance expert and a former senior editor at Policygenius, where she also covered wills, trusts, and advance planning. Her work has appeared in MarketWatch, CNBC, PBS, Inverse, The Philadelphia Inquirer, and more.

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Key takeaways

  • Yearly physicals and immunizations are common examples of preventive care

  • Preventive care is typically free, but you may end up paying out of pocket if you see an out-of-network provider

Preventive care is any service that helps prevent illness and maintain your health and well-being. You may see preventive care referred to as preventative care. Annual checkups and immunizations are common preventive services, which can uncover signs of potential health problems before they get worse and lead to chronic diseases. You can typically schedule a preventive care visit with your primary care doctor, but some preventive benefits may require a specialist visit.

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Preventive care is one of the 10 essential health benefits that must be included in Affordable Care Act-compliant plans. (An ACA-compliant plan, or Obamacare plan, is any plan purchased through the health insurance marketplace.) Health insurers are typically required to provide these services at no extra cost, but there are some instances when you might have to pay, like when you see a doctor that is outside the terms of your plan.

What does preventive care include?

Preventive care includes diagnostic testing, physical exams, and immunizations (shots). You may need to meet certain qualifications (like being a certain age) for some preventive services to be covered by your health insurance, and there may be restrictions as to how often you can get these services. For instance, a physical exam and flu shot are common preventive care benefits that are typically covered only once a year.

Preventive care services also vary based on whether you are an adult or child. Health insurers also provide extra preventive care services for women, like mammograms.

You can seek some preventive care services with your primary care physician while other benefits may require a visit to a specialist, like an OB/GYN.

Preventive services for adults

Here is a list of specific preventive services that must be offered at no cost by health providers. You can find more details on preventive care guidelines on or check the details of your plan.

  • Abdominal aortic aneurysm

  • Alcohol misuse screening and counseling

  • Aspirin use counseling

  • Blood pressure screening

  • Cholesterol screening

  • Colorectal cancer screening

  • Depression screening

  • Diabetes (Type 2) screening

  • Diet counseling (if you’re at risk for chronic illness)

  • Falls prevention (helping older people prevent falling, which results in injury)

  • Hepatitis B and C screening

  • HIV screening

  • Lung cancer screening

  • Obesity screening and counseling

  • Sexually transmitted infection (STI) prevention counseling

  • Statin preventive medication

  • Syphilis screening

  • Tobacco use screening (looking at the effects of smoking on your health) and cessation intervention

  • Tuberculosis screening

List of vaccines and immunizations covered by preventive care

The following immunizations and vaccines are also covered:

  • Chickenpox (Varicella)

  • Diphtheria

  • Hepatitis A and B

  • Herpes Zoster

  • Human Papillomavirus (HPV)

  • Influenza (flu shots)

  • Measles

  • Meningococcal

  • Mumps

  • Pertussis

  • Pneumococcal

  • Rubella

  • Tetanus

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Preventive services for women

There are also services aimed at women's health, which are available to pregnant women, women who may become pregnant, and mothers of newborn children.

  • Anemia screening

  • Breastfeeding support and counseling

  • Breast cancer mammography

  • Breast cancer genetic test counseling (BRCA)

  • Cervical cancer screening (Pap test and HPV test)

  • Contraceptive services (religious employers are not obligated to cover contraceptive methods and counseling)

  • Domestic violence and interpersonal violence counseling

  • Folic acid supplements

  • Gestational diabetes screening

  • Maternal depression screening

  • Osteoporosis screening

  • Preeclampsia prevention and screening

  • Gonorrhea screening

  • Urinary incontinence screening

  • Well-woman visits (checkups with a focus on preventive care for women)

Preventive services for children

The following preventive care services are available for children (under age 18). Some screenings have further restrictions regarding age.

  • Autism screening (ages 18-24 months)

  • Behavioral assessments

  • Bilirubin concentration screening (newborns)

  • Blood pressure screening

  • Blood screening (newborns)

  • Cervical dysplasia screening (sexually active females)

  • Depression screening (after 12 and older)

  • Developmental screening (under age 3)

  • Dyslipidemia screening

  • Fluoride chemoprevention supplements

  • Fluoride varnish

  • Gonorrhea preventive medication

  • Hearing screening (newborns and children age 11 and older)

  • Height, weight and body mass index (BMI) measurements

  • Hematocrit or hemoglobin screening (all children)

  • Hemoglobinopathies or sickle cell screening (newborns)

  • Hepatitis B screening

  • HIV screening

  • Hypothyroidism screening

  • Iron supplements (six to 12 months)

  • Lead screening

  • Medical history

  • Obesity screening and counseling

  • Oral health risk assessment

  • Phenylketonuria (PKU) screening (newborns)

  • STI prevention counseling and screening

  • Tuberculin testing

  • Vision screening

How much does preventive care cost?

In most cases it is not necessary for you to have reached your deductible before the services are covered by your health insurance plan. You shouldn’t have to pay copays or coinsurance for preventative services either, but health insurance providers are still allowed to charge you in certain situations according to the terms of your health plan so make sure you know the details.

When preventive care is not free

You might pay for preventive services if you seek care from an out-of-network provider that isn't covered by your health insurance, so it’s important to know what type of plan you have and what providers are in your network. For example, HMO plans don’t offer any out-of-network coverage while PPO plans usually offer some.

Learn about the differences between HMO, PPO, EPO, POS plans.

Similarly, even if you have a preventative care visit with an in-network doctor, the lab that processes your screening test or blood work could be out-of-network, which would make you responsible for the costs. Ask your doctor beforehand to find out as much information as you can about what other contractors might be involved.

Another reason a preventative service might not be free is if it wasn't the primary reason for seeing the doctor. For example, if you see your primary care doctor because of an illness (which is considered diagnostic care) and end up getting an unrelated preventive screening or immunization, you'll still need to pay your usual office visit copay. Likewise, if you go in for a preventive care service, like a basic flu shot, and end up getting tests for something else, like bronchitis, or other illness-related diagnostic care, you may need to pay for a full appointment. To avoid this from happening, make sure your preventive care visit is separate from your primary care visit.

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