The Texas FAIR Plan was designed to ensure all homeowners qualify for home insurance coverage in Texas — regardless of whether they’re at high risk of filing a claim. All private home insurance companies are required to participate in the Texas FAIR Plan. However, it’s best saved as a last-resort option since coverage is less robust and more expensive compared to traditional home insurance policies.
What is Texas FAIR Plan insurance?
The Texas FAIR Plan is a state-mandated insurance program that provides home insurance to homeowners who’ve been denied coverage on the voluntary market.
All private insurance companies in the state are required to write policies and share losses under the Texas FAIR Plan.
Because it’s seen as a last-resort coverage option for homeowners considered too high risk to insure through the private market, these plans are usually less comprehensive than traditional insurance policies with higher rates.
Insurance through the Texas FAIR Plan might be in your future if any of the following apply to you:
Your home has a history of frequent claims
Your home is located in a high-risk flood, hurricane, or windstorm zone
You have poor credit or a history of missed insurance payments
Your home insurance has been canceled or nonrenewed in the past
What does the Texas FAIR Plan cover?
There are several different types of policies available through the Texas FAIR Plan depending on the type of property you own or live in.
HO-A Homeowners Policy
TDP-1 Dwelling Policy
HO-CONB Condominium Policy
HO-BT Tenant Policy
Here’s an example of the coverages included and maximum limits for a standard Texas FAIR Plan homeowners policy:
Texas FAIR Plan coverage
What it is
Maximum limits for HO-A Homeowners Policy
Covers damage to your home for its actual cash value after a covered loss
Up to $1 million
Covers damage to detached garages, sheds, fences, and other structures besides your home after a covered loss
10% of dwelling coverage
Covers damage to your personal property like clothing, furniture, and appliances at its actual cash value after a covered loss
50%, 60%, or 70% of dwelling coverage
Covers legal and medical bills if someone is injured or their property is damaged while at your home and you’re found legally responsible
$100,000 or $300,000
Covers medical bills for guests injured on or off your property — regardless of who’s at fault
$5,000 per person / $25,000 per occurrence
Covers hotels, restaurant, and transportation if you’re unable to stay in your home while repairs are made after a covered loss
10% of dwelling coverage
What perils are covered by the Texas FAIR Plan?
The following perils are covered through Texas FAIR Plan insurance:
Sudden and accidental damage from smoke
Windstorm and hail — only if you live in an eligible county
Aircraft and vehicles
Vandalism and malicious mischief
Riot and civil commotion
Theft — not available for TDP-1 policies
Keep in mind that TDP-1 Dwelling Policies are only required to provide coverage for fire and lightning perils, though you can add on any additional perils listed above for an extra fee.
Windstorm and hail coverage is not available for policyholders living in a designated catastrophe area in:
14 coastal counties
A portion of Harris County located east of State Hwy. 146
The city limits of Pasadena, Morgan’s Point, Shoreacres, Seabrook, or LaPorte
If you live in any of these areas, you’re required to have a Windstorm, Hurricane, and Hail Exclusion Agreement attached to your policy which states that any damage from this type of peril is not covered by the policy. To get coverage, you’ll need to purchase a separate windstorm, hurricane, and hail insurance policy through the Texas Windstorm Insurance Association.
What perils are not covered by the Texas FAIR Plan?
The following perils aren’t covered through Texas FAIR Plan insurance:
Falling trees, limbs, or other objects
Collapse of a building or part of one
Breakage of glass
Damage from the weight of ice, snow, or sleet
Freezing of plumbing, heating, air conditioning, or automatic fire protection sprinkler system or household appliance
Mold, fungi, or other microbe remediation
Backup of sewer or drains
Items that may be scheduled, such as expensive jewelry
What coverage add-ons are available through the Texas FAIR Plan?
The following endorsements are available through Texas FAIR Plan insurance.
Sudden and accidental discharge of water or steam
replacement cost coverage for dwelling
Replacement cost coverage for personal property
Additional premises liability coverage
Fair rental value
Condo loss assessment coverage
Unit owners rental to others
Keep in mind you might not be eligible for all of these endorsements — it’ll depend on the type of policy you have.
Who is eligible for the Texas FAIR Plan?
To qualify for insurance through the Texas FAIR Plan, you must meet the following eligibility criteria:
Denied coverage by two private home insurance companies in Texas
Have no valid offer of comparable home insurance from an insurer in the state
Live in a one- or two-family house, rental home, rental apartment, townhouse, manufactured home, or condo that meets underwriting standards
You also won’t qualify for coverage through the Texas FAIR Plan if any of the following apply to you or your home:
Property condemned due to its condition
Property in disrepair or with existing damage
Property with excessive or unusual liability exposure — i.e. dangerous animal, pool or trampoline not within a fenced yard
You were convicted for arson, fraud, or other insurance-related offenses
Have more than eight paid claims — excluding glass claims — within the past three years
Live in a mobile home — unless the wheels are removed and the mobile home is tied down
Have a farm or ranch used for business on the property
Your home is occupied for business use
How long does a Texas FAIR Plan policy last?
Texas Fair Plan policies are issued for a one-year term. And every two years, you must reapply for home insurance on the standard market.
If you’re once again denied coverage by at least two home insurance companies in Texas and don’t receive a valid offer of comparable home insurance, you can reapply for coverage through the Texas Fair Plan.
How much does the Texas FAIR Plan cost?
Home insurance through the Texas FAIR Plan typically costs more than traditional home insurance policies since there’s more risk of you filing a claim.
Actual rates for Texas FAIR Plan insurance weren’t available as of February 2022, but we can tell you you’ll likely pay more than $2,853 — which is the average cost of homeowners insurance in Texas according to Policygenius data.
What payment options are available through the Texas FAIR Plan?
The Texas FAIR Plan does not accept payments via credit cards or debit cards. Instead, you’ll need to pay through one of three ways:
Through its online portal using direct withdrawal from your checking or savings account
Making a payment over the phone with a TFPA representative by calling 800-979-6440
Mailing a check to:
Policy Premium Payment Texas FAIR Plan Association P.O. Box 733916 Dallas, TX 75373-3916
When you apply for coverage, you’ll need to choose a 10-pay, 4-pay, or 2-pay payment plan. You can make each payment through any of the above methods, or set up recurring auto payments through your bank account.
Keep in mind you can’t change your payment plan after you’ve chosen it at the time of submitting your application.
Texas FAIR Plan — by the numbers
Here are a few quick Texas FAIR Plan stats to learn more about the state-mandated program:
The Texas FAIR Plan was created in 1995 
The first Texas FAIR Plan policy was issued in 2002 
As of September 2020, there are nearly 68,541 policies in force through the Texas FAIR Plan 
The number of homeowners in Texas who received insurance through the state’s FAIR Plan decreased by 7% in 2021