Federal poverty line (fpl)

A definition of the federal poverty line (fpl).

What you need to know

The federal poverty line is a measure of income determined by the Department of Health and Human Services. It is designed to provide a baseline of eligibility for federal programs and benefits, including the advance premium tax credit, cost sharing reduction, Medicaid, and CHIP. If your income is between 100% and 400% of the federal poverty line, you will qualify for an advance premium tax credit.