Here's what you need to know about union membership in each state

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By

Hanna Horvath, CFP®

Hanna Horvath, CFP®

CERTIFIED FINANCIAL PLANNER™ & Managing Editor, Growth

Hanna Horvath is a CERTIFIED FINANCIAL PLANNER™ and managing editor for growth at Policygenius. She helps produce the Easy Money newsletter, and owns all growth initiatives for Easy Money. She recently passed her exam to become a certified financial planner in November 2020.

Hanna's work has appeared in NBC News, Business Insider and Inc. Magazine. She is regularly quoted in top media outlets, including CNBC, Best Company and HerMoney. She has also appeared on the Money Moolala podcast and All's Fair podcast.

Prior to Policygenius, Hanna wrote for KNBC in Los Angeles and WNBC in New York. When she isn't writing, she's (often) running, (usually) cooking and (sometimes) doing photography.

Published August 21, 2019|4 min read

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Labor unions were first started in 1881 and now one in 10 workers in America is a member of a labor union, according to the Bureau of Labor Statistics. Being part of a union means pay guidelines and workplace protections, and labor unions can use collective bargaining power to negotiate with employers.

Union membership and laws differ by state, so it’s important to learn how membership works in your region, especially if you're looking to work in an industry that is typically unionized.

Here’s what you need to know about labor union membership in each state.

Alabama

Total union members: 1,950,000 Union members as a percentage of total workforce: 9.2% Right-to-work state: Yes

Alaska

Total union members: 299,000 Union members as a percentage of total workforce: 18.5% Right-to-work state: no

Arizona

Total union members: 2,943,000 Union members as a percentage of total workforce: 5.3% Right-to-work state: yes

Arkansas

Total union members: 1,176,000 Union members as a percentage of total workforce: 4.8% Right-to-work state: yes

California

Total union members: 16,399,000 Union members as a percentage of total workforce: 14.7% Right-to-work state: no

Colorado

Total union members: 2,564,000 Union members as a percentage of total workforce: 11% Right-to-work state: no

Connecticut

Total union members: 1,677,000 Union members as a percentage of total workforce: 16% Right-to-work state: no

District of Columbia

Total union members: 345,000 Union members as a percentage of total workforce: 9.9% Right-to-work state: no

Delaware

Total union members: 434,000 Union members as a percentage of total workforce: 10.3% Right-to-work state: no

Florida

Total union members: 8,702,000 Union members as a percentage of total workforce: 5.6% Right-to-work state: yes

Georgia

Total union members: 4,466,000 Union members as a percentage of total workforce: 4.5% Right-to-work state: yes

Hawaii

Total union members: 601,000 Union members as a percentage of total workforce: 23.1% Right-to-work state: no

Idaho

Total union members: 733,000 Union members as a percentage of total workforce: 4.7% Right-to-work state: yes

Illinois

Total union members: 5,694,000 Union members as a percentage of total workforce: 13.8% Right-to-work state: no

Indiana

Total union members: 3,049,000 Union members as a percentage of total workforce: 8.8% Right-to-work state: yes

Iowa

Total union members: 1,461,000 Union members as a percentage of total workforce: 7.7% Right-to-work state: yes

Kansas

Total union members: 1,283,000 Union members as a percentage of total workforce: 7% Right-to-work state: yes

Kentucky

Total union members: 1,812,000 Union members as a percentage of total workforce: 8.9% Right-to-work state: yes

Louisiana

Total union members: 1,785,000 Union members as a percentage of total workforce: 5% Right-to-work state: yes

Maine

Total union members: 573,000 Union members as a percentage of total workforce: 12.9% Right-to-work state: no

Maryland

Total union members: 2,784,000 Union members as a percentage of total workforce: 11% Right-to-work state: no

Massachusetts

Total union members: 3,397,000 Union members as a percentage of total workforce: 13.7% Right-to-work state: no

Michigan

Total union members: 4,320,000 Union members as a percentage of total workforce: 14.5% Right-to-work state: yes

Minnesota

Total union members: 2,634,000 Union members as a percentage of total workforce: 15% Right-to-work state: no

Mississippi

Total union members: 1,121,000 Union members as a percentage of total workforce: 5.1% Right-to-work state: yes

Missouri

Total union members: 2,675,000 Union members as a percentage of total workforce: 9.4% Right-to-work state: no

Montana

Total union members: 427,000 Union members as a percentage of total workforce: 11.8% Right-to-work state: no

Nebraska

Total union members: 882,000 Union members as a percentage of total workforce: 6.6% Right-to-work state: yes

Nevada

Total union members: 1,376,000 Union members as a percentage of total workforce: 13.9% Right-to-work state: yes

New Hampshire

Total union members: 664,000 Union members as a percentage of total workforce: 10.2% Right-to-work state: no

New Jersey

Total union members: 3,935,000 Union members as a percentage of total workforce: 14.5% Right-to-work state: no

New Mexico

Total union members: 812,000 Union members as a percentage of total workforce: 6.8 Right-to-work state: no

New York

Total union members: 8,404,000 Union members as a percentage of total workforce: 22.3% Right-to-work state: no

North Carolina

Total union members: 4,331,000 Union members as a percentage of total workforce: 2.7% Right-to-work state: yes

North Dakota

Total union members: 343,000 Union members as a percentage of total workforce: 5.2% Right-to-work state: yes

Ohio

Total union members: 5,054,000 Union members as a percentage of total workforce: 12.6% Right-to-work state: no

Oklahoma

Total union members: 1,583,000 Union members as a percentage of total workforce: 5.7% Right-to-work state: yes

Oregon

Total union members: 1,738,000 Union members as a percentage of total workforce: 13.9% Right-to-work state: no

Pennsylvania

Total union members: 5,575,000 Union members as a percentage of total workforce: 12.6% Right-to-work state: no

Rhode Island

Total union members: 479,000 Union members as a percentage of total workforce: 17.4% Right-to-work state: no

South Carolina

Total union members: 2,016,000 Union members as a percentage of total workforce: 2.7% Right-to-work state: yes

South Dakota

Total union members: 387,000 Union members as a percentage of total workforce: 5.6% Right-to-work state: yes

Tennessee

Total union members: 2,816,000 Union members as a percentage of total workforce: 5.5% Right-to-work state: yes

Texas

Total union members: 11,989,000 Union members as a percentage of total workforce: 4.3% Right-to-work state: yes

Utah

Total union members: 1,343,000 Union members as a percentage of total workforce: 4.1% Right-to-work state: yes

Vermont

Total union members: Union members as a percentage of total workforce: 10.5% Right-to-work state: no

Virginia

Total union members: 3,875,000 Union members as a percentage of total workforce: 4.3% Right-to-work state: yes

Washington

Total union members: 3,270,000 Union members as a percentage of total workforce: 19.8% Right-to-work state: no

West Virginia

Total union members: 684,000 Union members as a percentage of total workforce: 10% Right-to-work state: yes

Wisconsin

Total union members: 2,700,000 Union members as a percentage of total workforce: 8.1% Right-to-work state: yes

Wyoming

Total union members: 235,000 Union members as a percentage of total workforce: 6.5% Right-to-work state: yes

Want to learn more about workers' rights? We have a state-by-state guide to workers' compensation here.

Image: Rayul

CERTIFIED FINANCIAL PLANNER™ & Managing Editor, Growth

Hanna Horvath, CFP®

CERTIFIED FINANCIAL PLANNER™ & Managing Editor, Growth

Hanna Horvath is a CERTIFIED FINANCIAL PLANNER™ and managing editor for growth at Policygenius. She helps produce the Easy Money newsletter, and owns all growth initiatives for Easy Money. She recently passed her exam to become a certified financial planner in November 2020.

Hanna's work has appeared in NBC News, Business Insider and Inc. Magazine. She is regularly quoted in top media outlets, including CNBC, Best Company and HerMoney. She has also appeared on the Money Moolala podcast and All's Fair podcast.

Prior to Policygenius, Hanna wrote for KNBC in Los Angeles and WNBC in New York. When she isn't writing, she's (often) running, (usually) cooking and (sometimes) doing photography.