Updated September 21, 2020: You may decide to gift a vehicle if your child received their driver’s license. Or perhaps you can no longer drive for medical reasons or want to help a family member in dire need. Regardless of why you decide to gift a vehicle, there are a number of requirements and steps you need to take before handing over the keys.
Here’s what you need to know about gifting a vehicle.
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1. You must own the vehicle outright
You can’t gift a vehicle or transfer its title unless you own it outright. So, if you still owe money on a vehicle, you’ll have to wait to gift it until you pay it off. If the vehicle is paid off, contact your bank or dealer’s lending department to confirm the full payment.
2. Consider the giftee’s finances
Will the person you gift the vehicle to be able to afford the insurance, fuel, maintenance and repair costs that come with owning it? (Here are some other hidden costs to buying a car.) Ask yourself whether you’re willing to cover these costs for them. If the answer is no, you may want to rethink your decision to gift them a vehicle.
3. The giftee may have to pay a gift tax
The good news? Gifting a vehicle means no sales tax. But the person receiving the gifted vehicle to may have to pay a federal gift tax. As of 2019, a gift tax payment is required if the fair market value of the vehicle is more than $15,000 for a single individual or $30,000 for a married couple. The gift tax rates ranges anywhere from 18% to 40%.
4. Writing up a bill of sale
If there is no contract for the gifted vehicle, you may still be liable for the car. Avoid this situation by writing up a bill of sale and making sure you and the giftee fill out the appropriate sections. The bill of sale should include the following details:
- Make and model of the vehicle
- Purchase price of the vehicle
- Odometer reading
- Your signature and the signature of the person you’re gifting the car to
5. You’ll be required to transfer your vehicle title
By transferring your vehicle title, you’re releasing ownership of the vehicle to the person you’re gifting it to. The easiest way to transfer your vehicle title is to go to your local DMV, fill out the necessary paperwork and pay a fee. Since vehicle title transfer laws and fees vary by state, get familiar with your state’s laws.
6. You’ll need to insure the giftee
Make sure the giftee is properly insured to drive the car. They will be unable to drive the car legally without car insurance.
If the giftee already has car insurance, they can contact their insurer and add the vehicle to their existing policy. If they are a new driver or don’t have insurance, they’ll need to shop around for the best rate and sign up for a new policy.
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